13 June 2016
Grudziadz lies in Pomerania, on the right picturesque side of the River Vistula. The position of this town with nearly 100 thousand inhabitants, in mid-way between the big ports of the Tricity (Gdansk, Gdynia and Sopot) and large economical centres like Bydgoszcz and Torun, as well as on the shortest route linking western borders of Poland with the Great Lakes >> More informations –> www.grudziadz.pl
Sightseeing of the district lands shall be commenced from Grudziądz, a town of multi-century tradition, picturesquely located on the bank of the River Wisła. Numerous monuments have been preserved in the town, and they represent various architectural styles. The magnificent panorama of the town is created by a unique group of 26 granaries whose construction was started in the 14th Century. They are characterized by a multi-storey architectural arrangement. Close by, there is the Gothic Church of Saint Nicholas, which houses, among other things, a Late-Gothic Baptismal, a Baroque high altar, and Late-Gothic frescoes. The best preserved fragments of medieval municipal walls are close to Klasztorna and Małogroblowa Streets. Brama Wodna (the Water Tower), which used to have the role of an entrance gate to the town is a fragment of municipal fortifications. In the Baroque building of the former Benedictine Nunnery, there is the Municipal Museum which has gathered a lot of very interesting exhibits, among other things, coming from archaeological excavations conducted in the area of Grudziądz and Chełmno Land. Other monuments worthy of attention are the following: the remains of the Teutonic Knights Order castle, the baroque churches of Saint Franciszek Ksawery (Francis Xavier) and Holy Ghost, the former Jesuit College – currently the seat of the Town Hall, and the Grudziądz Stronghold constructed in the 18th Century at the order of Frederick II, the King of Prussia, which belongs to rare monuments of defensive arts preserved in such a good state in Poland. Five signposted tourist itineraries start their course in Grudziądz. They run through the most interesting areas of the district. The red hiking trail goes through the villages of Nowa Wieś, Wielki Wełcz, and the ‘Jamy’ („the Caves’) nature reserve to Gardeja. Its other part leads from Grudziądz through Radzyń Chełmiński to Ryńsk. The yellow hiking trail leads from Rogóźno Castle to Kuchnia Lake, and the green hiking trail joins Świecie nad Osą (Świecie on the Osa), Mełno and Radzyń Chełmiński. The blue hiking trail leads along the edge of the Chełmno Heights via Mniszek, Gogolin and Klamry.
One of the greatest tourist attractions of the district are the remnants of the medieval Teutonic castles in Radzyń Chełmiński, Rogóźno and Pokrzywno. The most famous of the strongholds – the one in Radzyń Chełmiński is an international class historical monument. Its south wing with the chapel and two corner square towers, a part of the ground structures and of inner ward in a trapezoid form have been preserved up to now. From the castle’s towers which tourists may visit, it is possible to admire the panorama spreading out on the environs and the town. Of Rogóźno Castle, located up a high hill, only a four-sided tower with the entrance gate, wall remnants and fragments of the inner ward together with out-houses from the turn of the 18th and 19th Centuries have been preserved. In Pokrzywno, a part of the castle walls and a three-storey granary at the inner ward can be visited.
Lovers of monumental architecture may admire many remains of remote noble residences. The most precious monument of this type is the palace with a park in Mełno. It was constructed in the mid-19th Century in the Prussian historism style distinguished by a synthesis of various architectural forms. In the park, there is a sumptuous collection of 39 historic trees. The manor in Salno is also very interesting. It comes from the 1st half of the 19th century. A Late-Classicistic manor house and out-houses (a granary, a ‘Pheasant pen, and a new Gothic smithy) are preserved. Other historical monuments worthy of attention are the following: the manor house with its park in Wydrzno, and the 16th Century ruins of a large manor house in Boguszewo, a very rare example of defensive construction in Chełmno Land. Another interesting object of monumental architecture is a four-storey water mill in Słupski Młyn coming from the 19th Century which has been functioning up to now, and wooden cottages spread out mainly on the banks of the River Wisła (Dusocin, Wielki Wełcz, Zakurzewo, Mały Rudnik and Sztynwag), which in the past belonged to the Dutch colonists who settled on these areas in the 18th and 19th centuries. In the territory of the present Grudziądz District, numerous monumental churches, mainly Gothic ones have been preserved. The churches in Radzyń Chełmiński and Łasin are the most magnificent, and they have rich Baroque interior furnishings. The churches in Gruta and Okonin are local peculiarities. The first one comes from the end of the 13th Century, and it has visible features of the Roman architecture, the other one has high class medieval paintings, very rare in village churches. Very rich interior furnishings, characteristic for the Baroque epoch can be admired in two wooden churches in Szembruk and Szynych. The Capuchin monastery in Rywałd, with the famous figure of the Virgin Mary of Rywałd attracts large numbers of pilgrims. The priest cardinal Stefan Wyszyński was interned here from 26th September to 12th October 1953. These events are documented by souvenirs from the period when the Primate of the Millennium stayed in Rywałd, and which may be seen in the commemorative hall arranged for visitors.
The Grudziądz District also offers numerous tourist attractions owing to the richness of its morphological forms and nature peculiarities. Those eager to have a holiday on the water may have a swim in its numerous lakes of which Lake Rudnickie, Lake Kuchnia and Lake Zamkowe are the best managed. Lovers of sailing and other water sports will find suitable conditions on Lake Rudnickie. Furthermore, the lakes and rivers of the district are excellent for angling. Lovers of hiking and cycling tours may admire the unpolluted nature in the areas of nature reserves: ‘Jamy’ (‘the Caves’) , ‘Dolina Osy’ (the ‘Osa Valley’) and ‘Rogóźno Zamek’ ( ‘Rogóźno Castle’). The largest of them is the ‘Osa Valley’ reserve which has an area of 665.11 hectares. It was founded in 1994 to protect the unique landscape of the river meandering between steep river banks. The ‘Caves’ forest reserve with an area of 106.11 hectares (created in 1967) protects fragments of Pomeranian beeches and forests growing on dry ground. Near the medieval ruins of the Teutonic castle, there is the ‘Rogóźno – Castle Reserve’ with an area of 28.54 hectares. Since 1974, a fragment of multi-species deciduous forest has been protected here. In the protected zone, tourists may encounter many species of animals: careful observers may notice the Aquila genus eagle and the black stork there. In the area of Grudziądz district, a dozen or so nature monuments have been registered, among which the ‘Chrobry’ oak with a circumference of 923 cm and a height of 20m, is the oldest in the area of the former Torunian Province. It grows in a park on a lake in the village of Nogat. Its age has been evaluated to be about 600 years. In the future, the brine deposits uncovered in the villages of Marusza and Węgrowo may be a chance for the development of tourism. They have excellent healing and geothermal properties. It is possible to use them by constructing bathing pools with naturally heated water all year round, and by founding rehabilitation and treatment accompanying infrastructure.